UPDATE JANUARY 2016: Our latest survey is reported here – Amazon Sellers Survey 2016: The Results.
Earlier this year Feedvisor and Web Retailer asked over 200 sellers – Feedvisor customers and Web Retailer members – questions about where they sell, how much profit they make, their expansion plans, the software they use and more.
Here are the top ten headline statistics from that survey, together with deeper insights into the data.
Note: This isn’t from the Web Retailer member survey from June/July this year, which will not be made public.
Four times as many make a million on Amazon than on eBay
We asked sellers for their annual revenue on Amazon, eBay, Sears, Rakuten, Newegg, Etsy and “other” marketplaces that they sell on.
The whole breakdown makes interesting reading, but two statistics stand out:
- 34.3% of eBay sellers make under $10,000 per year, versus only 9.0% of Amazon sellers
- Just 3.9% of eBay sellers make over a million dollars per year, versus 16.7% of Amazon sellers
A small percentage of sellers surveyed (2.1%) make over $10 million per year in revenue from Amazon’s marketplace.
None of the other marketplaces look particularly strong, but Newegg is the narrow winner over Rakuten in the highest revenue bracket ($100,000+) for those who sell there.
What is your annual revenue for each marketplace?
63% only sell on marketplaces
There are many advantages to selling through online marketplaces, but there are also risks. The most serious risk is being banned completely from selling. Bans are not all that rare, and will instantly finish a business if it’s their only sales channel.
Still, the majority of sellers surveyed only sell on marketplaces. Despite the risks of marketplace selling, the alternative – having your own web store – is easy to get started but very difficult to make successful.
Do you sell on any other platforms besides online marketplaces?
55% have a profit margin above 20%
There’s a perception that the fierce competition and low overheads of marketplace selling drive profit margins into the ground – the “race to the bottom”.
Around one-fifth of sellers operate on margins under 10%. It’s difficult to imagine how these sellers would cope with unforeseen circumstances like fee increases or under-performing stock. But more than half have much higher margins above 20%, and 6% of them are lucky enough to have margins over 50%.
What is your average profit margin?
29% aren’t satisfied with their channel management tool
Inventory and marketplace management software plays an important role – some would say an essential role – for marketplace sellers. Its job is to maintain a “single source of truth” database for a seller’s stock, and synchronize that data with multiple marketplaces. The synchronization has to work in both directions, both submitting listings and tracking sales.
Nearly half of surveyed sellers who use management software said they were satisfied with it, while 29% were neutral or dissatisfied. Just 22% said they were very satisfied with their software.
It’s a tough job to maintain smooth integrations with multiple systems, and provide an easy-to-use control panel for editing and reporting on complex data. There are many places where software providers can fall short, and the survey reflects that.
How satisfied are you with your channel management tool?
Sellers favour home, family, beauty and health
An amazing breadth of products can be sold on eBay, and on Amazon to a lesser extent. In the breakdown of categories sold, three categories for home and family life came out on top in our survey – home and kitchen, toys and games, and baby products.
Categories more associated with leisure follow – beauty, health, electronics and books. Perhaps this is an indication that families turn to marketplaces to save money on the essentials, and sellers are simply fulfilling that demand?
Which categories do you sell in?
87% make their money on fewer than 1,000 SKUs
An interesting contrast in the survey is the difference between the number of SKUs (product lines) carried by sellers, and the number of SKUs on which they make the majority of their revenue.
In particular, 36.8% of sellers carry between 1,000 and 10,000 SKUs, but only 12.6% make the majority of their revenue on that range of SKUs. Perhaps the additional products are carried to offer comparison and “round out” their ranges – a technique normally associated with bricks-and-mortar retail. Or it may be that sellers are weighing themselves down with product lines that simply don’t sell, or add any other value to their business.
How many SKUs do you have, and how many represent the majority of your revenue?
72% don’t use a marketplace management tool
Marketplace management software isn’t a new thing. In fact, I’ve been covering it on Web Retailer for eleven years. But a lot has changed in that time: many sellers have come into the business and been successful, more have come and gone. Marketplaces have come and gone too, and so have the tools for managing them.
If there’s one constant, it’s the ever-higher standards and complexity of selling online. Perhaps that’s why, after all these years, there’s still no clear leader in marketplace management software – and the market is more fragmented and diverse than ever.
Just explaining what marketplace management software is can be a big challenge (incidentally, one that has been addressed in great detail by Matthew Ogborne recently). Perhaps that, along with the huge number of new sellers constantly entering the business, explains why most still don’t use any software for marketplace management.
Do you use a channel management tool?
Profit margins on eBay and Amazon are almost identical
Both eBay and Amazon are known for their low prices, but eBay is generally seen to be the cheapest of the two. It certainly has the highest number of sellers, and tends to be the first marketplace of choice for new sellers. New sellers are the most likely to compete aggressively on price which they do to build their reputation, or because they have lower overheads or (quite often) because they don’t understand all the costs of selling.
So I was surprised to see how little difference there was in the profit margins that sellers reported for each marketplace. It may be that the slightly lower prices on eBay are balanced out by slightly lower fees.
What is your average profit margin for each marketplace?
Most are looking for new ecommerce automation tools
Since 72% of the sellers surveyed don’t use marketplace management software, and 29% of those who do are not satisfied with their software, it’s no surprise that more than 50% of sellers are looking for new software across several different categories.
Will you be looking for new tools in any of the following categories over the next year?
38% plan to expand beyond eBay and Amazon
Finally, sellers are looking to diversify by selling on new marketplaces. Those already selling on Rakuten report lower profit margins than other marketplaces, but it tops the table for expansion plans with 35.8% of sellers intending to sell on it.
The mysterious “other” grouping comes in second with 30.9%, perhaps reflecting the growing strength of specialist marketplaces.
Around 20% of sellers are looking to expand onto eBay, Newegg, Etsy and Sears, while Amazon is way down at only 6.2%. It appears that almost all the sellers who want to be are already on Amazon. It’s surprising to see Etsy so high up the table, given that it is still a niche marketplace which limits the products that can be sold there – so not all sellers will qualify.
Which other marketplaces are you looking to expand into?
In this post I’ve picked out ten of the most interesting statistics from the 2014 online marketplace seller survey conducted by Feedvisor and Web Retailer.
I think it’s a fascinating snapshot of marketplace selling and hope you’ve enjoyed the findings. We’ve found that much of the data is quite closely in line with other sources, but like all surveys it reflects what the survey respondents told us and it may not match what you find in your own business or marketplace selling as a whole.
What do you think to these statistics? Are they all what you would expect or are there some surprises in there? I’d love to hear what you think in the comments below!